Bio-gen has introduced Sea Buckthorn Oil to its ever increasing portfolio of products. The product, along with documentation is available on request from Bio-gen Extracts.
Naturally, Sea buckthorn fruit consists of sugars, sugar alcohols, fruit acids, vitamins (C, E and K), phenolic compounds, carotenoids, fiber, amino acids, minerals and plant sterols. The fruit contains many of these in high amounts, and is thus considered highly nutritious. Oil content in soft parts is 1.5–3 % while in seed this is 11% of the fresh weight.
Occurrence in Nature
Sea Buckthorn is largely confined to sea coasts where the salt spray from the sea prevents other larger plants from growing near it, but in central Asia, it is more widespread in dry semi-arid zones where other plants cannot survive the dry weather and topological conditions. In Asia & central Europe, it also occurs as a sub-alpine shrub at a higher altitude on the mountains. It is also seen in other areas such as river banks, where the sun light is plenty. Sea Buckthorn is tolerant of salt in its environment, whether it is in the air and soil, but needs good sunlight all year round for its growth. The plant does not grow in the shade or under larger trees.
The various parts of the plant have been used in traditional medicine for treating several ailments. The Bark and leaves have been used for treating diarrhea and skin disorders. The Sea Buckthorn Berry oil, either taken orally or applied topically, is believed to be a skin softener. In various eastern cultures such as in Indian, Chinese and Tibetan medicines, sea buckthorn fruit is added to medications in belief it affects gastrointestinal, cardiac, blood and even metabolic disorders.
Theraputic value and Nutraceutical Applications
Sea buckthorn (Hippophaerhamnoides L.) is a unique and valuable plant that has recently gained worldwide attention, mainly for its medicinal and nutritional potential. Sea buckthorn (SBT) is a thorny nitrogenfixing deciduous shrub of coldarid region native to Europe and Asia. All parts of this plant are considered to be a good source of large number of bioactive substances like Omega-3, Omega-6 & Omega-9 fatty acids, vitamins (A, C, E, K, riboflavin, folic acid), carotenoids (carotene, lycopene), phytosterols (ergosterol, stigmasterol, lansterol, amyrins), organic acids (malic acid, oxalic acid), and some essential amino acids.(Beveridge et al., 1999; Yang and Kallio, 2001; Pintea et al., 2005).
A wide spectrum of pharmacological effects of Sea buckthorn have been recently reported, including antioxidant, immunomodulatory, anti-atherogenic, anti-stress, hepatoprotective, radioprotective and tissue repair (Suleymanet al., 2001; Saggu et al., 2007; Upadhyay et al.,2011).
Sea buckthorn is unique in the sense that it provides Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 from a vegetarian source. In addition to which is 100% organic and gluten free. Thereby making it an ideal ingredient with wide ranging applications in the Food and Beverages industry.
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